I am a Vedic astrologer and use the tropical zodiac. For many, this is very close to sacrilege and a contradiction. This new way of delimiting the horoscope is gaining momentum and validity within the Hindu astrological community. I am writing this article with the aim of providing valid and logical reasons why the Rasis tropical zodiac (sign) should be used instead of the Rasis zodiac sign. "Of Rasis" is given because it is fairly clear that the zodiac sign should be used to delineate nakshatras.
What is the tropical zodiac?
The tropical zodiac has always been used in America, Europe and in ancient Greece, Persia and Egypt. The tropical zodiac measures 12 servings of 30 degrees each, beginning with the spring equinox. The Vernal Equinox is the point at which the sun crosses the equator on its way north. This is the first day of spring and has 0 degrees ram. So a part of 30 degrees was given to Aries, 30 degrees to Taurus, 30 degrees to Twins and so on for 12 characters until 360 degrees were covered. When the sun is at the northernmost point and starts moving south, it is the summer solstice and the sun has 0 degrees of cancer. For example, if a sun is positioned at 12 degrees Taurus, it means that the sun is 42 degrees north of the celestial equator. If a person has their sun at 24 degrees lion, then their sun is 54 degrees south of the Tropic of Cancer and 36 degrees north of the equator. The same measurement principle is applied to all planets. Thus the tropical zodiac is based on the longitudinal relationship of the sun to the earth.
What is the zodiac sign?
In terms of rasis or signs, the zodiac consists of 30-degree sections, starting with the Aswini Nakshatra, measured from certain fixed stars. Since astrologers use different fixed stars to determine the first point of the star ram, we have different ayanamshas. An ayanamsha is the difference between the spring point (the sun at 0 degrees tropical ram) and the first point of the star ram. The zodiac sign is based on the measurement of signs on the fixed stars as opposed to the measurement of signs from the relationship of the sun to the earth as in the tropical zodiac.
The argument for a tropical zodiac
A rasi simply means a "bunch of thirty". That's all. Hindus use rasis in their calculations with all circles and arcs and it is not automatically concluded that zodiac signs should be used. Around 100 BC A Greek astronomer named Hiparchius took the names Aries, Taurus, Gemini, etc. and gave these names to the fixed stars, starting with the first point of Aswini. This was a very serious mistake and would lead to the science of astrology being looked down on from now on. The reason why he named the constellations is that at this time, when the sun was the spring point or the 1st point of tropical ram, it was also on the 1st point of Aswini. With the help of Hipparchius, the birth of the star sign of Rasis was imminent. 100 BC Chr was, according to Sri Yukteswar, a time that was very close to the heart of Kali Yuga, the dark age, when important astronomical and astrological knowledge was lost, including knowledge of the precession of the equinox. Since evidence clearly shows that the Hindus exchanged information with the Greeks and Persians, the names for the fixed stars were also exchanged and the Hindus called these star constellations the known ram, etc. What is forgotten is that these star constellations already had names. They were the names of the Nakshatras and the names of the Chaldean and Chinese lunar mansions. The constellations were and are the "realm of the gods". "Swarga Loka" is the name of this heavenly realm. History says that they are the heavenly homes of extremely pious beings, who became "god-like" because of their austerity measures and were given a place in heaven to influence the earth. Naming these stars after animals (the signs) was a grave mistake with unfathomable consequences.
At the same time, the Hindus named their star constellations after the 12 characters. Several ancient texts indicate that they have lost knowledge of the precinct of the equinox. These measurements of 30 degrees each of the star constellations became FIXED and have remained so to this day. Only with the help of astrologers who are also astronomers and have studied the history of astrology at that time can we sort this jumble of rasis and the zodiac sign.
The rasis before Hiparchius
The Surya Siddhanta is the largest astronomical text of the Hindus and contains all calculations for the calculation of the Lagna, the Nakshatras, the planet positions within the Nakshatras and the tropical positions of the planets. Nowhere in Surya Siddhanta means using the zodiac and star positions of planets to build a horoscope. In fact, there is more evidence in the Surya Siddhanta that the tropical zodiac should be used instead of the zodiac sign when setting up horoscopes. And here's why ... The Surya Siddhanta gives the calculations to find the nakshatra position of the planets. It then uses an ayanamsha to convert the planetary positions back into tropical positions and from there to find the tropical lagna. After the Surya Siddhanta has found the tropical lagna, she leaves it there. Since it is impossible to find the star lagna without using the tropical zodiac, one would conclude that the Surya Siddhanta would mention converting the tropical lagna back to its star position if this were actually the method to be used. This is not mentioned at all.
The Yavana Jataka, Srimad Bhagavatam and the works of the great Varamahira all mention the tropical zodiac as a harbinger of the signs. Oddly enough, they also mention the first part of Aswini as the beginning of Ram. It becomes clear that the authors did not know the precession of the equinox and, in summary, thought that the 12 constellations named after the solar months would coincide with these solar months forever. With the introduction of the meaning of rasis with the Yavanas to Yavana Jataka and the religious and philosophical significance of the Nakshatras in the daily life of the Hindus during the alignment of the two zodiacs (around 100 AD), the Indians lost knowledge of the precession of the Equinox and hence the zodiac sign for rasis.
The realm of the gods and the realm of the earth
The Nakshatras of the Hindus and the moon villas of the Chaldeans and the Chinese are idolized. They are also called Swarga Loka, the heavenly realm. Through Parasara we know that the planets are incarnations of God and have consciousness so that they are also idolized. The rasis are also incarnations of God, but have no consciousness and are named after earthly creatures. Their manifestation depends on the relationship of the earth to the sun, so they are tropical. The Nakshatras are idolized beings who live in the heavenly realm. Therefore, they are based on stars and are rightly represented by a star sign.
Modalities of the rasis (characters)
Another valid argument for using the tropical zodiac and confirming the relationship of rasis to the intertwined movement of the sun and earth are the modalities of the signs. Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn are called moving signs. Their common characteristic is change and their beginning heralds a change in the movement of the sun. At 0 degrees ram, the sun crosses the equator on its way north and changes from the southern to the northern hemisphere. At 0 degrees cancer, the sun changes from north to south. At 0 degrees Libra the sun crosses the equator on its way south, changes the hemispheres and at 0 degrees Capricorn the sun begins to move north. If the rasis were sidereal and not based on the movement of the sun in relation to the earth, there is no good reason why these special signs would change.
The firm rasis, bull, lion, scorpion and aquarius represent the sun, which is steadfast and determined on its way.
The two Rasis Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces represent the sun, which loses momentum on its way and prepares for a new beginning. That is why these signs are energy transformers. The double signs are steadfast and determined enough to get the job done, but also flexible enough to make necessary changes.
Again, there is no reason for the above signs to have any of these properties, which are separate from the fact that Earth is related to the Sun. Having only a certain constellation of stars behind the sun does not automatically bring these properties with it, especially when such "constellations" are not conscious, as they are not after Parasara. The properties are explained ONLY by the movement of the sun relative to the earth.
A zodiac, an astrology
Astrology systems are as diverse as there are cultures on earth. However, the many deviations are rather small compared to the many similarities. This points to the fact that at a time many centuries ago, many different cultures practiced uniform astrology with different techniques and shared these techniques among themselves. And everyone used the tropical zodiac when it came to rasis. When defining a horoscope, many techniques are available to an astrologer, the Parasara Techniques, the Jaimini Techniques, the Tajik Techniques, the Bhrigu Techniques, Western Techniques and so on. All of these techniques can read the horoscope accurately and are all valid. That is, unless 2 different zodiacs are used. Tajik techniques, which originate from Tajikistan, an ancient Persian culture, are the originators of Greco-Roman astrology and thus of modern western astrology. Tajik is widespread in India today. So now we know that the Indians are using their Aboriginal astrological techniques ...