People have always been curious about their future. Whenever someone is in trouble and doesn't get out of it easily, he wants to know if the days of his misery will come to an end. And if so, when? If you invest a lot of time, effort or money in a project, you naturally ask yourself whether this investment will bear fruit. There have always been people who have successfully predicted future events. Their methods were different - some people can just look into the future, some use tarot cards, some create an astrological map that we call horoscopes, some read the lines in the palms of people. There is no denying that the future has been predicted many times and by many people. Every successful prediction proves that it is actually possible to correctly predict the future.
In ancient times, astrologers were highly valued by people. There was no difference between astronomers and astrologers. In fact, astronomy and astrology were not considered to be two separate subjects. Many will be surprised to know that most renowned scientists in the past, including Sir Isaac Newton, were also astrologers. In ancient India, astrology was known as "Jyotish Shastra", which included both predictive astrology and what we know as astronomy. Needless to say, the astrologers of the time were all great mathematicians. An accomplished astrologer was called "Trikal-darshee": one who could see past, present and future. It might not be an exaggeration to say that astrology was considered the most important branch of science.
Slowly, over time, this topic fell into disrepute.
How did astrology lose its high status?
It is a fact of life that people emulate successful, popular and respected people. When the charlatans recognized the social status of astrologers, they began to pretend to be astrologers. They learned a few tricks of the trade and started cheating gullible people. It was and is a very lucrative business. An astrologer makes money by making predictions without guaranteeing that one of his predictions will turn out to be true. There is no money back guarantee :-). Once an astrologer opens a shop, people come to him hoping that he will be able to correctly predict their future. The astrologer is in a wonderful position. For example, he can make predictions about ten people, with only one prediction being correct. The nine people he predicted incorrectly will never return to him. But the tenth person about whom the astrologer could correctly predict will not only come back to him, but will also refer many other people to him, citing personal experience. In this way, the business of an astrologer always flourishes, no matter how he performs in his profession. The downside, however, was that astrologers as a group were seen as many dubious people like modern politicians. As soon as this impression gained ground, astrology no longer remained attractive as a subject for intelligent people. Talented people started pursuing other areas of knowledge. Over time, the inevitable happened. No talent worth salting has chosen to pursue astrology as a vocation or hobby, and the result is visible to everyone today.
There was another very important reason why astrology became one of the smaller areas of knowledge. It was the decline of India, the source of human civilization, and its loss of status as the repository of all ancient knowledge (see How India Lost Its Fame). The Islamic hordes that attacked and looted India many times and ruled that country for a hundred years later had no respect for priceless works of art, great architecture, and the other sublime areas of human effort. They destroyed most of the ancient temples, burned down libraries like Nalanda and Takshshila, and permanently took innumerable books of infinite wisdom from future generations of mankind. A great deal of recorded knowledge has been lost, including astrological books. This loss turned out to be irreparable when Indian society at the time struggled to survive and fight against the attackers. The few people who had some priceless texts and writings with them were unable to preserve the remaining works of the ancient sages. So when you study astrology, you feel that some important connections are missing. Since Hindu philosophy was losing ground, it was natural that astrology would also lose its prominent place. When modern science developed and scientific temperament gained ground with the lack of real astrologers, astrology was forgotten.
The criticism and the defense
Astrology is mocked by people for two main reasons. First, of course, astrologers' predictions are often wrong. Second, when you bring your horoscope to different astrologers, they make different predictions. They even make different horoscopes if they have the same data about a person's birth. These facts lead people to conclude that astrology is not science and is only a means to deceive people for the benefit of astrologers.
There is no denying that the reasons given above are valid. Nevertheless, there are some prejudices against astrology that also play a role in denigrating this science. Let's take an example to illustrate this point.
A man gets sick from an illness. He goes to his neighborhood doctor. The doctor advises him to do some tests. After seeing the results of these tests and considering the patient's symptoms, the doctor concludes that the man has an illness, such as sickosis :-). He prescribes some medication and the patient goes home hoping to get rid of the disease as soon as possible. After taking the medication for the next two days, the patient realizes that the medication is not working as it should. He goes back to the doctor and the doctor changes the medication and the person immediately responds to the second set of medication. Within a few days, the person has returned to their old healthy self.
What would have happened if the person had not responded to this second set of medication? Most likely, he would have gone to another doctor. This doctor would have advised him to carry out further tests, diagnosed his problem to the best of his knowledge and experience, and treated him accordingly. Again, there would have been the same probability that the patient would have gotten rid of his illness.
So in the end it boils down to the problem of correct diagnosis. Once the disease has been identified correctly, it can be treated successfully. The doctor's problem is to correctly identify the disease, given the symptoms and the results of the tests performed. In fact, he guesses the disease based on the symptoms the patient is showing, and to confirm his suspicions, the doctor asks the patient to undergo a certain series of tests. If the doctor's first guess turns out to be wrong, he suggests another series of tests to the patient to confirm his second best guess of the disease.
There is another element that can affect the patient's chances: the test results. If the laboratory that performs these tests makes a mistake, the doctor will be misled by the results. It has also often been observed that even with the same symptoms and the same test results, different doctors can diagnose the problem differently.
The same is given in the context of astrology as evidence that it is not a science. If a doctor makes a mistake, his abilities are not attributed to medicine. But when an astrologer fails, it is astrology that is considered pseudoscience. If doctors can come to different conclusions based on the same data, why shouldn't astrologers be able to differentiate from each other? If you take the blood samples from the same patient to different laboratories, you will almost certainly notice differences in their findings. When the machines built with all of our scientific knowledge make mistakes, nobody disparages modern science itself. But when it comes to astrology, people are only too willing to reject it. Maybe people want to prove that they have a so-called scientific temperament.
Why are astrologers wrong in their prediction?
Lack of knowledge: this may be the main reason. Most astrologers find it difficult to resist the temptation to make predictions after learning a little. A certain percentage of their predictions turn out to be true because they have learned a bit of astrology. They cannot hold back from showing their half-hearted knowledge. Another reason, if the temptation to harvest as soon as possible, is to reap the fruits of their efforts to learn the subject. As soon as customers flock to them, they lose the urge to continue learning. They also have little time to make further efforts to learn more. You are too busy cheating people.
Lack of talent: Nowadays, brilliant people do not start studying astrology because the pursuit of this topic is not considered to be very respectable. They would rather be scientists, engineers, doctors, writers, artists, etc. This does not help the development of astrology, nor does it help to expand knowledge or find the missing links in this subject. There are currently no serious research projects in this area. This knowledge base is therefore not updated.
Wrong dates: Since the foundation of astrology is mathematical, the dates like time of birth, etc. must be accurate. If this data is incorrect, the horoscope and consequently the interpretation is incorrect. The position of humps, house departments and ...